Agkistrodon contortrix (Linnaeus) – Copperhead
Agkistrodon contortrix (Linnaeus) - Copperhead

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Legend
     Exact locality, based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Exact locality, based on literature record believed valid
     Approximate locality based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Approximate locality based on literature record believed valid
     County record only, based on specimens or photographs examined
     County record only, based on literature report believed valid
     Type locality
?      Questionable and/or problematic record

Taxonomy: Two of five recognized subspecies (Crother et al. 2012) occur in Tennessee. Based on the maps of Gloyd and Conant (1990) and Conant and Collins (1998), A. c. mokasen (Northern Copperhead) ranges across all of the state except extreme West Tennessee where A. c. contortrix (Southern Copperhead) resides.  A rather broad zone of intergradation is recognized where the Northern and Southern subspecies merge.

Distribution: The Copperhead occurs statewide in Tennessee. 

Museum Records by Counties: Anderson—APSU 03271; TTU 275-276. BentonAPSU 3032, 15234.  BledsoeUSNM 203474, 203471-203473; UTKVZC 144, 4201.  BlountAMNH R-69098.  FLMNH 10838; GSMNP 3886, 3890, 3892, 3893, 3896, 3897, 10887; NCSM 8189, 8460-8463.  Campbell—APSU 19099.  CarrollAPSU 3339.  Cheatham—APSU 19291.  CockeFLMNH 10847; TU 17604; USNM 103102, 169472.  Crockett—APSU 18921.  CumberlandTTU 459; USNM 203486, 203475-203485.  DecaturUMMZ 72263-72264.  DeKalbNCSM 8130, 23106-23108; SIUC R-2899, SIUC  R-4023, SIUC UNCAT (2 specimens); TTU 274, 424.  DicksonAPSU 2667; TTU 939.  FayetteAPSU 18919.  FentressAPSU 6189.  Gibson—APSU 19449.  GreeneUMMZ 103582.  Grundy—APSU 18992.  Hancock—APSU 19101.  HardemanAPSU 12367, 16695-16698.  HardinUTKVZC 700.  HendersonAPSU 2646.  HenryINHS12474.  HickmanAPSU 15287, 15288; UTKVZC 2876.  HoustonAPSU 2639, 4341.  HumphreysAPSU 3258, 6253.  KnoxUTKVZC 4199.  LakeKU 21642.  LauderdaleAPSU 12626.  LawrenceUMMZ 84320.  LewisAPSU 15286.  MadisonUMMZ 72265; USNM 195872.  MarionFLMNH 74423.  McMinnFLMNH 10835, 11879.  MeigsFLMNH 10843.  MonroeFLMNH 10839, 10841, 10842, 10844-10846, 119611; TTU 200, 203; 17347; USNM 297281, RH 66-457A; UTKVZC 687.  MontgomeryAPSU 2135, 2137, 2139, 2152, 2160, 2223, 2600, 2608, 3046, 3501, 3521, 5145, 5147, 5966; AUM 20722; KU 154007; TTU UNCAT (1 specimen).  MorganUSNM 226582-226583.  PerryAPSU 12368, 14409, 14625; UIMNH 68747.  PickettLSUMZ 34936.  PolkAPSU 2640; FLMNH 10837, 10840; SIUC R-1921; UTKVZC 6293.  PutnamTTU 317, 884.  RobertsonAPSU 18990.  ScottAPSU 6190; FLMNH 10836; NCSM 8143, 8464-8467.  Scott/Campbell (on county line)FLMNH 10834.  SevierGSMNP 3887-3889, 3894, 10888, 10889, 04863; TTU 551; USNM 185645; UTKVZC 4185, 4198, 4200, 4759, 4862; KU 189601; MSU 1289.  ShelbyAPSU 11891, 11897, 11899, 12364, 12393, 12597, 12611, 12629, 12956, 12989-12991, 12997-12999, 15327-15333, 15400, 15403, 15407, 15450-15459; FLMNH 19605.  StewartAPSU 176, 179, 183, 204, 212, 341, 465, 656, 856, 859, 909, 921-923, 925, 1676, 1687, 2141, 2605, 5063, 5146, 5483, 15291-15295, 17567, 17568, 18112,18121; CMNH 66988-66990; UL 2760, 2761.  SullivanCMNH 17648.   SumnerNLU 46328.  TiptonAPSU 15285.  Unicoi—APSU 19100.  UnionUTKVZC 04670.  WashingtonAMNH R-64120.  Weakley—APSU 19194.  WhiteTTU 812; UTKVZC 04113. 

Literature Sources by Counties:  Anderson—Johnson (1964), Roberts (1973), Jenkins et al. (2001). BentonParker (1948).  BlountKing (1939), Huheey and Stupka (1967), Savage (1967), Gloyd and Conant (1990).  BradleyRhoads (1895), Gloyd and Conant (1990).  Campbell—Daniels et al. (2012).  CannonMiller et al. (2009).  Cheatham—Gloyd and Conant (1990), Hopkins (2013).  ChesterEndsley (1954).  ClaiborneReynolds and Niemiller (2013i) CockeGloyd and Conant (1990).  CoffeeNiemiller (2005), Miller et al. (2005).  CumberlandGarton and Dimmick (1969), Gloyd and Conant (1990).  DavidsonMorgan (1943).  DeKalbHarris (1967).  DicksonGloyd and Conant (1990).  FayetteReam and OBryan (2008), Ream (2008).  FranklinMcCrady and Rodarmor (1967), Gloyd and Conant (1990).  GibsonEndsley (1954), Flaherty et al. (2014).  GreeneGloyd and Conant (1990).  Grundy—Cantrell et al. (2011, 2013).  HamiltonMiller (1996).  Hancock—Daniels et al. (2012).  HaywoodStanley (2005).  HardemanParker (1948), Norton (1971), Norton and Harvey (1975), Gloyd and Conant (1990). HardinGloyd and Conant (1990).  HenryBlanchard (1922).  HickmanJacob (1981).  HoustonSmith (1959).  JeffersonGloyd and Conant (1990).  JohnsonBrumit (1971), Gloyd and Conant (1990).  KnoxJones (1928).  LakeGloyd and Conant (1990).  LawrenceGloyd and Conant (1990).  LewisJacob (1981).  MauryTroost (1836).  McMinnGloyd and Conant (1990).  MeigsGloyd and Conant (1990).  MonroeGloyd and Conant (1990).  MontgomeryScott (1967), Scott and Snyder (1968), Zirkle (1993), Fitch (1998).  MorganRoberts (1973).  ObionRhoads (1895), Parker (1939, 1948), Gloyd and Conant (1990), Guiher and Burbrink (2008).  OvertonGentry (1941), DeLotelle (1976).  PerryGloyd and Conant (1990). PickettGentry (1941).  PolkAsh (1945), Gloyd and Conant (1990).  RoaneJohnson (1964).  Robertson—Barrass and Barrass (2011).  Rutherford—Niemiller et al. (2011).  ScottGloyd and Conant (1990).  SevierNecker (1934), King (1939), Savage (1967), Gloyd and Conant (1990), Pitts (2015b) ShelbyRhoads (1895), Parker (1948), Hassell (1961), Sanders and Jacob (1981), Gloyd and Conant (1990), Davis et al. (2012).  StewartJacob (1981), Zirkle (1993), Rozelle (1999), Davenport (2005), Davenport and Scott (2009).  Unicoi—Daniels et al. (2012).  WashingtonGloyd and Conant (1990).  WayneGloyd and Conant (1990).  WeakleyParker (1948), Colvin and Dennison (2013a).   WilsonNiemiller et al. (2011).

Questionable and/or Erroneous Records: None. 

Conservation Status: None.

Posted: 1 May 2008

Latest Revision: 11 February 2016


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