Virginia valeriae Baird and Girard – Smooth Earthsnake
Virginia valeriae Baird and Girard – Smooth Earthsnake

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Legend
     Exact locality, based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Exact locality, based on literature record believed valid
     Approximate locality based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Approximate locality based on literature record believed valid
     County record only, based on specimens or photographs examined
     County record only, based on literature report believed valid
     Type locality
?      Questionable and/or problematic record

 

Taxonomy: Two of three recognized subspecies of Virginia valeriae (Crother et al. 2012) occur in Tennessee (Conant and Collins 1998). These include V. v. valeriae (Eastern Smooth Earthsnake) and V. v. elegans (Western Smooth Earthsnake). 

Distribution: Valid records exist from all three grand divisions of the state.   However, large areas that lack verified records include most of West Tennessee, the southern Central Basin and southern Highland Rim of Middle Tennessee, much of the Cumberland Plateau, and all of the counties in northeastern Tennessee.  According to Conant and Collins (1998), V. v valeriae occurs in East Tennessee while V. v. elegans is found elsewhere in the state. 

Museum Records by Counties:  Blount—GSMNP 4151, 4157, 4159; LSUMZ 34793; USNM RH 75-080; UTKVZC 4444.  Bradley—FLMNH 29285. Cannon—MTSU 85S.  Cheatham—APSU 19278.  CoffeeMTSU 80S, 167S.  Davidson—TTU 175.  DeKalbTTU 411, 453.  Dyer—USNM 28412.  Franklin—MCZ 60849, 65523, 65531, 147416.  GibsonAPSU 19603.  Grundy—APSU 19003.  Hamilton—LSUMZ 43998.  Hardeman—APSU 16880-16882, 16888; UMMZ 84437.  HendersonAPSU 19755.  Henry—APSU 3147. Houston—APSU 4340, 5299.  Knox—APSU 18126; USNM 2458; UTKVZC 3457.  Lincoln—LSUMZ 43999.  McMinn—FLMNH 29289.  McNairy—APSU 19546.  Monroe—CMNH 55708; FLMNH 29278, 29280, 29281, 29284, 29286-29288, 29290; LSUMZ 22965; USNM RH 79-076, 82-029.  Montgomery—APSU 2054, 2601, 2887, 2976, 2989, 3929-3931, 4329, 4336, 5579, 6113; NLU 15408.  Overton—TTU uncataloged (1 specimen).  Perry—APSU 14410; UTKVZC 6736.  Polk—FLMNH 29291; USNM RH 79-115.  Putnam—TTU 872, uncataloged (1 specimen). Rhea—FLMNH 29282, 29283.  Rutherford—MTSU 104S.  Scott—APSU 6180; FLMNH 29279.  Sevier—GSMNP 4150-4155, 4158; UMMZ 130246; USNM 123340.  Shelby—APSU 14087, 14088, 15973-15975, 17135, 17148.  Stewart—APSU 229, 296, 357, 504, 566, 584, 629, 631, 819, 998, 2038, 4944, 5034-5036, 5855, 15977-15982, 17650, 18071.  Sumner—USNM 2224.  Wilson—MTSU 27S-29S; UTKVZC 2326. 

Literature Sources by Counties:  Anderson—Jenkins et al. (2001). Blount—King (1939), Huheey and Stupka (1967).  Cheatham—Smith (2009), Hopkins (2013).  CoffeeMiller et al. (2005), Niemiller (2005).  Davidson—Sinclair (1951b).  Dyer—Blanchard (1922, 1923).  Franklin—McCrady and Rodarmor (1967), Cameron and McCrady (1978), Yeatman (1983).  Gibson—Owen et al. (2016).  Grundy—Cantrell et al. (2011, 2013).  Hardeman—Norton (1971), Norton and Harvey (1975).  Henderson—Hulbert and Hall (2017).  McNairy—Butterfield and Butterfield (2015).  Montgomery—Scott (1967, 1991), Scott and Snyder (1968), Fitch (1998).  Overton—DeLotelle (1976).  Roane—Johnson (1964).  Rutherford—Niemiller et al. (2011).  Sevier—King (1939), Huheey and Stupka (1967).  Stewart—Pisani and Collins (1971), Jacob (1981), Rozelle (1999), Davenport (2005), Davenport and Scott (2009).  Sumner—Yarrow (1882), Cope (1900), Blanchard (1923).  Wilson—Miller and Miller (1994), Niemiller et al. (2011). 

Questionable and/or Erroneous Records: None. 

Conservation Status: None.

Posted: 21 December 2009

Latest Revision: 22 May 2017


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