Pantherophis spiloides (Duméril, Bibron and Duméril) – Gray Ratsnake
Pantherophis spiloides (Duméril, Bibron and Duméril) – Gray Ratsnake

Click on Map for Enlarged View                          Click for Photo


Legend
     Exact locality, based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Exact locality, based on literature record believed valid
     Approximate locality based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Approximate locality based on literature record believed valid
     County record only, based on specimens or photographs examined
     County record only, based on literature report believed valid
     Type locality
?      Questionable and/or problematic record

Taxonomy: Pantherophis spiloides is one of nine species of North American Ratsnakes listed by Crother et al. (2012), and the only one that occurs in Tennessee (Burbrink 2001).  No subspecies are recognized (Crother et al. 2012).

Distribution: The Gray Ratsnake has been documented statewide, but there are still a few widely scattered counties where records are lacking.

Museum Records by Counties: Anderson—TTU 301; UMMZ 115698-115702.  Benton—APSU 13249, 13250, 14153.  Bledsoe—APSU 18054; SIU R-4142.  Blount—FLMNH 19323; GSMNP 3993; USNM 85538, 466060.  Campbell—UTKVZC 6603.  Carroll—APSU 19428.  Cheatham—APSU 4359, 5469, 5476, 5625, 5682, 19289. Chester—FLMNH 113536. Claiborne—FLMNH 19317.  Cocke—GSMNP 3920; USNM 176795.  Crockett—AUM 16948, 21635, 21636; FLMNH 113535, 113537.  Cumberland—LSUMZ 58529; UMMZ 97921.  Davidson—APSU 3267; CMNH R-1629; FLMNH 21675, 21676.  Decatur—KU 2481; LSUMZ 57735.  DeKalb—SIU R-3270.  Dickson—APSU 2213, 2668, 2883, 3167, 4356.  Dyer—APSU 3334; KU 153701. Fayette—APSU 15583, 15584, 16177, 16180.  Fentress—APSU 6186.  Franklin—APSU 3451; KU 82072; MCZ 60848, 60858.  Gibson—AUM 6796.  Giles—LSUMZ 43137.  Greene—UMMZ 103576.  Grundy—LSUMZ 56149. Hamilton—MCZ 13099; UTKVZC 4441.  Hancock—APSU 19144.  Hardeman—APSU 12256, 15651-15658, 16653; CMNH 19897; LSUMZ 34786, 43963; UMMZ 97917, 97918, 97920.  Hardin—UTKVZC 4209.  Haywood—APSU 12262, 12941.  Henry—MSU 1093; UMMZ 53528.  Hickman—APSU 19327.  Houston—APSU 6047, 17576.  Humphreys—APSU 17715; USNM 85534.  Johnson—USNM 85535. Knox—LSUMZ 58162, 58414, 58510, 59639; MCZ 99, 211; USNM 226573; UTKVZC 4181, 4183.  Lake—KU 21778, 21804, 21805; MoSU R-3539; UTKVZC 4691, 4810.  Lauderdale—APSU 16900, 16901.  Lawrence—CMNH 19900; UMMZ 97919.  Lewis—APSU 15804.  Lincoln—APSU 19508.  Loudon—APSU 19467.  Macon—APSU 19383.  Madison—LSUMZ 43972; UMMZ 72478, 74701, 78511-78513.  Marshall—APSU 18977.  McMinn—FLMNH 11419, 19307, 19309-19312, 19314, 19328, 19329.  McNairy—APSU 12252; UTKVZC 3840.  Monroe—FLMNH 19308, 19315, 19316, 19318-19322, 19324, 19325; LSUMZ 12722; USNM 185738.  Montgomery—APSU 1026, 2040, 2043, 2046, 2056, 2057, 2195, 2204, 2642, 2942, 2951, 3021, 3187, 3518, 3927, 4349, 4369, 5173-5176, 5576, 18029, 18042, 18044; LSUMZ 58563; NLU 31516. Morgan—INHS 13276; TTU 583, 584. Obion—APSU 13231-13235, 13251; FLMNH 37288; KU 154143; MoSU R-3351; UMMZ 53227, 101578.  Perry—APSU 12261, 14407, 17521, 17536; AUM 6794.  Polk—FLMNH 19313; USNM 186142; UTKVZC 6423.  Putnam—TTU 70, Uncataloged (1 Specimen).  Roane—TTU 299, 300, 302.  Robertson—APSU 2884, 4330.  Scott—APSU 6185. Sevier—AMNH R-29366; GSMNP 3992, 3994-3996; UIMNH 12390; USNM 87309, 168634, 179731, 179732.  Shelby—APSU 11895, 11896, 12253, 12254, 12258, 12259, 12939, 12940, 13228, 13230, 14154, 15208, 15652, 16174, 16176, 16195, 16911, 17244-17246, 17880; USNM 45609, 103121. Smith—USNM 87306.  Stewart—APSU 184, 286, 440, 467, 530, 548, 648, 652, 944, 1688, 2201, 2964, 4967, 5177, 5386, 15447-15449, 18120; MSU 1097. Sullivan—UMMZ 76416; USNM 85537.  Sumner—USNM 87310.  Tipton—APSU 12938, 15588.  Union—APSU 19179.  Van Buren—APSU 15587. Warren—SIU R-4148.  Washington—MCZ 169625.  Wayne—APSU 19342.  Weakley—APSU 15585.  Williamson—APSU 19347.  Wilson—APSU 15700; CMNH 28214.

Literature Sources by Counties: Anderson—Jenkins et al. (2001).  Bedford—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f).  Benton—Parker (1948).   Campbell—Gentry (1941).  Cannon—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f), Miller et al. (2015).  Carroll—Fulbright et al. (2013b).  Carter—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f).  Cheatham—Smith (2009), Hopkins (2013). Claiborne—Conant (1930).  Coffee—Miller et al. (2005), Niemiller (2005).  Cumberland—Burbrink (2001).  Davidson—Hopkins (1990).  Decatur—Burbrink et al. (2000), Burbrink (2001). DeKalb—Harris (1967).  Fentress—Rhoads (1895).  Franklin—McCrady and Rodarmor (1967), Cameron and McCrady (1978).  Grundy—Burbrink et al. (2000).  Hamilton—Rhoads (1895), Dunn (1920).  Hancock—Daniels et al. (2012).  Hardeman—Norton (1971), Norton and Harvey (1975), Burbrink (2001). Hardin—Endsley (1954).  Hawkins—Alsop (1975), Muncy and Burbank (1976).  Haywood—Parker (1948).  Henry—Blanchard (1922).  Hickman—Foster et al. (2013).  Johnson—Brumit (1971).  Knox—Burbrink et al. (2000), Burbrink (2001).   Lake—Parker (1948).  Lawrence—Burbrink (2001).  Lincoln—Kee (2015).  Loudon—Nelson and Ogle (2014).  Macon—Foster et al. (2013).  Marion—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f).  Maury—Anonymous (1963).  McNairy—Norton (1971).  Monroe—Conant (1930), Ash (1945). Montgomery—Scott (1967), Scott and Snyder (1968), Zirkle (1993), Fitch (1998), Burbrink (2001).   Moore—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f).  Morgan—Carver and Lereculeur (2013).  Obion—Rhoads (1895), Parker (1937a, 1948).  Overton—Gentry (1941), Gentry (1956), DeLotelle (1976).  Perry—Jacob (1981).  Pickett—Gentry (1941), Shoup et al. (1941). Polk—Ash (1945).  Rhea—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f).  Roane—Krumholz (1954), Johnson (1964).  Rutherford—Lamb (2001), Niemiller et al. (2011). Sevier—Necker (1934), Huheey and Stupka (1967), Smith et al. (2002).  Shelby—Blanchard (1922), Parker (1948), Hassell (1961), Mullin and Cooper (1998), Mullen and Gutzke (1999), Mullen et al. (2000), Davis et al. (2012).  Stewart—Jacob (1981), Zirkle (1993), Davenport (2005), Davenport and Scott (2009).  Unicoi—Reynolds and Niemiller (2013f).  Union—Nelson et al. (2012).  Wayne—Foster et al. (2013).  Williamson—Foster et al. (2013).  Wilson—Jordan et al. (1968), Jordan (1986), Niemiller et al. (2011). 

Questionable and/or Erroneous Records: None.

Conservation Status: None.

Posted: 1 February 2011

Latest Revision: 27 January 2017


APSU Homepage |  APSU Department of Biology |  APSU Center for Field Biology
This document is being adapted to the WWW by Jean Langley, Floyd Scott, and Rusty Smith.