Pituophis melanoleucus (Daudin) – Pinesnake
Pituophis melanoleucus (Daudin) – Pinesnake

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     Exact locality, based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Exact locality, based on literature record believed valid
     Approximate locality based on specimen(s) or photographs examined
     Approximate locality based on literature record believed valid
     County record only, based on specimens or photographs examined
     County record only, based on literature report believed valid
     Type locality
?      Questionable and/or problematic record

Taxonomy:  Of the three subspecies listed by Crother et al. (2012), only the Northern Pinesnake (P. m. melanoleucus) occurs in Tennessee (Conant and Collins 1998). 

Distribution:  In Tennessee, Pinesnakes may range statewide.  However, they have yet to be found in the following areas: most of West Tennessee, much of Middle Tennessee, especially the Central Basin, and the northern parts of East Tennessee. 

Museum Records by Counties: BentonUTKVZC 4458.  BlountGSMNP 4068.  CarrollAPSU 19032, 19493.  CoffeeAPSU 5280, 5281; MTSU 46S.  CumberlandAMNH R-82130-82134; TTU 177; UTKVZC 6971.  DecaturAPSU 19071.  DicksonAPSU 4364, 4365.  FranklinMCZ 60857.  GrundyNCSM 23745; UMMZ 84457.  HardinAPSU 17656, 17657, 19573.  HendersonMSUMZ uncataloged.  HenryMSU 912; UTM 623.  HickmanAPSU 2259, 19825.  HoustonAPSU 17716.  HumphreysAPSU 19732; KU 109969.  KnoxUSNM 10363, 226635.  LawrenceAPSU 19849; CMNH 19901.  MarionAMNH R-82135.  MonroeNCSM 8746, 8748.  MontgomeryAPSU 19640.  PerryAUM 24073.  PolkFLMNH 10803, 117516; NCSM 8754; UTKVZC 7031.  PutnamTTU uncataloged. RheaFLMNH 10802.  StewartAPSU 171, 554, 556, 721, 855, 1659, 4930, 4932, 5541; KU 155016; MSU 1263.  SumnerUSNM 1575. 

Literature Sources by Counties: Benton Endsley (1954).  BlountDunn (1917), Huheey and Stupka (1967), Wood (1947).  CarrollMaxwell and Scott (2014).  CoffeeMiller et al. (2005), Gerald et al. (2006), Miller (1995b), Miller et al. (1998).  DecaturColvin (2011e).  Franklin Gerald et al. (2006), Miller (1995a, 1995b), Miller et al. (1998), Cameron and McCrady (1978). HendersonSinclair (1950). KnoxBlanchard (1920a), Stull (1932, 1940).  MauryNiemiller and Reynolds (2013d).  MontgomeryScott (1967), Scott and Snyder (1968).  MorganNiemiller and Reynolds (2013d).  PolkAsh (1945).  RoaneKrumholz (1954).  SevierHuheey and Stupka (1967). ShelbyBailey (1990), Jacob and Smith (1980).  StewartJacob (1981), Scott (1990). 

Questionable and/or Erroneous Records: Based on two specimens in the United States National Museum (Nos. 10363 and 226635), Blanchard (1920) and Stull (1932 and 1940) reported the species from “Murphy (near Knoxville), Tenn.”  The collection site for both specimens is listed as “Murphy, Tennessee” in the United States National Museum Catalog. To our knowledge, there is currently no community called Murphy near Knoxville.  Therefore, given the uncertainty of the locality, we plotted this record with a question mark in the vicinity of Murphy Cemetery and Murphy Creek just northeast of Knoxville. 

Conservation Status: Tennessee populations of Pituophis melanoleucus are considered Threatened by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Commission (Proclamation 00-15, Wildlife in Need of Management) and are given a state ranking of S3 (rare and uncommon in the state, from 21-100 occurrences) by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Natural Heritage (Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation 2016).

Posted: 14 July 2008

Latest Revision: 28 August 2017

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